Can you find the fish at the table? Voluntarily put money in pot. Adjusting your play based on the villain's poker stats This is where our poker HUD software gets really useful: Please check out the first post in this series revolving around the pre-flop stat, VPIP. Putting players on 3-betting ranges is something I struggle with. In the next post in this series I will be covering 3-bet percentage and steal percentage.
Voluntarily Put $ in Pot (VPIP)
VPIP in poker measures how often you voluntarily pay money into a hand before seeing the flop. Paying the big blind, the small blind, or the ante is not considered voluntary. Therefore this percentage indicates how often you called, bet, or raised. The lower this value, the tighter your hand selection is. The higher, the looser. Only preflop betting is taken into account. Good players know to only invest money in the pot when they have decent starting hands.
A simple way to measure whether you are doing this is to keep your VPIP at a sensible value. This assumes you want to play tightly, you are playing micro-stakes, and you are playing on full ring cash tables. Now the more complicated answer: The less people on the table, the more hands you can play. If you are on a table full of ultralight players, you can also loosen up.
In 6-max or heads-up, most players have a much higher VPIP. The PFR statistic indicates how often you have raised before the flop is seen. A high value is an indicator of an aggressive player.
A low value indicates a passive player. Good players are aggressive players. Ideally it should be a little lower than your VPIP, but not much lower. Poor players and beginners play timidly. They call too often preflop. Good players frequently fold or raise preflop, especially if no other players have yet raised. If you are not prepared to raise, then you should consider folding.
Calling preflop just in case the flop is good for you is not a winning poker strategy. These two numbers in combination indicate that you are only playing quality hole cards, and you are predominantly raising with them pre-flop. In other words, you are playing how most poker books and poker forums say you should play. Agg indicates how aggressively you play postflop.
The higher this number, the more aggressively you are playing. This must be interpreted in combination with VPIP. Players who see very few flops will naturally tend to have a higher aggression percentage because they are only playing top-quality hole cards. Poor players play passively postflop. Good players know to play good hands aggressively postflop:. Much higher, and you are probably overplaying speculative hands and bad hands, and bluffing too much.
Much lower and you are not playing your good hands strongly postflop. Leave the bluffing for the movies and for live play. At low stakes online play, bluffing is much less important than a good understanding of the probabilities of winning hands. The three stats I've presented so far mean nothing if you can't keep your win rate positive.
A nice way to "normalize" your win rate across different stake levels, table sizes, and opponents is to measure how much you won in terms of the big blind.
VPIP tracks the percentage of hands in which a particular player voluntarily puts money into the pot preflop. VPIP increases when a player could fold but instead commits money to the pot preflop. This includes limping merely calling the big blind , calling, and raising. Posting the small and big blinds does not influence the VPIP statistic. These actions are involuntary and therefore give no useful information on player tendencies. PFR tracks the percentage of hands in which a particular player makes a preflop raise when having the opportunity to fold or call instead.
New players usually call too much preflop. This is a warning sign that you are moving away from the aggressive strategy essential to winning at poker. A quick rule of the thumb is that the higher the PFR, the more aggressive a player is. These opponents play far too many hands, and they usually play them very passively. When they do raise, they are weighted towards value. These statistics, like the above, are also associated with losing players. These players prefer to call too frequently and raise too infrequently, but not to the extent of the whale.
Regs are almost always winning or break-even players. Regs can range from very tight to very loose. As you move up in stakes, the rake the amount taken from each pot by the poker room decreases as a percentage of the pot and players are able to use wider ranges.
Really, there is no incentive to playing more pots against good regulars.