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PT Pelita Air Service. The macrosystem is the purple circle. The macrosystem is the culture that the child resides in and includes the government and customs. The chronosystem is depicted by the white crescent shape. It contains life transitions and environmental events, including any sociohistorical events. An example of a relevant chronosystem element would be growing up during World War I.
The exosystem is the third level of Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory. The exosystem contains the settings or events that the child does not actively participate in but that have a profound effect on the child's development nonetheless. Unlike the mesosystem and microsystem, the exosystem influences the child indirectly as it 'trickles down' through other individuals that have an influence on the child's life.
Exosystems can be temporary, like a parent being laid off from their job, or long-term, like the death of an extended family member. Get FREE access for 5 days, just create an account.
Suppose we were interested in examining the exosystems for a year-old female named Stacy. Stacy's mother just started a new first-shift job with better benefits and double the pay as her previous third-shift job.
This means that Stacy's mother is now able to pay the bills on time, and Stacy now spends evenings with her mother. Stacy's mother is able to attend her school conferences and plays, help Stacy with her homework, and pick Stacy up from school since her mother no longer works third shift. Stacy is doing better on her homework assignments, and her relationship with her mother has improved. Even though Stacy is not involved with her mother's workplace, her mother's new job has significant effects on Stacy's development.
Another exosystem for Stacy is her school board. The school board decided to close down Stacy's school, which resulted in her having to transfer schools and make new friends. This makes Stacy anxious about the upcoming school year. Although Stacy played no role in the school board's decision, she is impacted as a result. The mesosystem, microsystem, exosystem, macrosystem and chronosystem are the five environmental levels that influence how a child develops.
The exosystem is the third layer of the environmental systems and consists of settings that indirectly influence a child's development by having a direct effect on someone or something that is close to the child.
Exosystems are similar to mesosytems and microsystems in that they can be temporary or long-term. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study. Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
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