He went to high school right here in Oklahoma City before enrolling at the University of Oklahoma. To celebrate Don's life, family and friends may visit from 3: Because of the strong leadership in the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse agency, we have had joint projects that have addressed many public health issues. Cedar Rock Inn Bed and Breakfast. Commissioner Sides has left his mark on the Commission with his deliberate and insightful approach.
25 Best Romantic Oklahoma Getaways & Destinations
Tonkawa, OK Poteau, OK Phone Number: Ioway Casino E. Highway 66 Chandler, OK Ada, OK Phone Number: Artesian Hotel, Casino, Spa W. Chickasaw Travel Stop - Davis Hwy. Treasure Valley Casino Ruppe Rd. Davis, Oklahoma Cherokee Casino Fort Gibson N. Gibson, OK Muskogee, OK Cherokee Casino South Coffeyville N. Hwy South Coffeyville, OK Highway Red Rock, OK Creek Nation Casino Okemah S. Woody Guthrie Okemah, OK One Fire Casino N.
Okmulgee, OK Bordertown Outpost Casino East Rd. Wyandotte, OK Lucky Turtle Casino E. Highway 60 Wyandotte, OK StoneWolf Casino S. Ioway Travel Plaza Casino W. Choctaw Casino McAlester S. Shawnee, OK Phone Number: Kickapoo Casino Shawnee W. Shawnee, OK Cherokee Casino Sallisaw W. Roland Travel Plaza W. One of the topics of discussion was the future of gaming in the state. Recently a law was approved that will allow for casinos to operate roulette and craps.
It is estimated that tribal owned casinos will begin offering these games in October. Supporters of the new gaming opportunities believe that it will help generate more revenue at the casinos. As well as attract more visitors to the area. The popularity of the games and not able to operate them in the state are believed to have kept many casino visitors away.
Compacts between the state and the tribes have been amended with nearly half of the tribes that own casinos. The Department of Interior will send final approval and then the games will be allowed to begin operation.
Many of the casinos have their preparations in place to start offering the games. They are only waiting the for final approval that everything is legally in place. Supreme Court overturned a law that prevented sports betting in states outside of Nevada.
They hid in a tourist court near Fort Smith, Arkansas , nursing Parker's burns. Humphrey in Alma, Arkansas. It consisted of two brick cabins joined by garages, and the gang rented both. The gang seemed to go out of their way to draw attention: He noted the driver backed into the garage "gangster style," for a quick getaway. Blanche's outfit— jodhpur riding breeches  —attracted attention; they were not typical attire for women in the area, and eyewitnesses reminiscing 40 years later mentioned them first.
Clyde and Jones went into town  to purchase bandages, crackers, cheese, and atropine sulfate to treat Bonnie's leg. Coffey had been alerted by Oklahoma, Texas, and Arkansas law enforcement to watch for strangers seeking such supplies.
The sheriff contacted Captain Baxter, who called for reinforcements from Kansas City , including an armored car. They did not pursue the retreating Barrow vehicle.
Although the gang had evaded the law again, Buck Barrow had sustained a gruesome and ultimately mortal bullet wound to his head, a wound that blasted a large hole in his forehead skull bone and exposed his injured brain, and Blanche was nearly blinded by glass fragments in both her eyes.
Local lawmen and approximately one hundred spectators surrounded the group, and the Barrows soon came under fire. Jones escaped on foot. Buck died five days later at Kings Daughters Hospital in Perry, Iowa , of his head wound and pneumonia after surgery.
For the next six weeks, the remaining trio ranged far afield from their usual area of operations—west to Colorado, north to Minnesota, southeast to Mississippi—keeping a low profile and pulling only small robberies for subsistence. By early September, they risked a run to Dallas to see their families for the first time in four months. Jones parted company with them, continuing to Houston, where his mother had moved.
Through the autumn, Clyde Barrow executed several petty robberies with a series of small-time local accomplices while his family and Parker's attended to her considerable medical needs. On November 22, , they narrowly evaded arrest while trying to meet with family members near Sowers, Texas.
As Barrow drove up, he sensed a trap and drove past his family's car, at which point Schmid and his deputies stood up and opened fire with machine guns and a BAR.
The family members in the crossfire were not hit, but a BAR bullet passed through the car, striking the legs of both Barrow and Parker. The following week on November 28, a Dallas grand jury delivered a murder indictment against Parker and Barrow for the January killing of Tarrant County Deputy Malcolm Davis;  it was Parker's first warrant for murder. On January 16, , Barrow orchestrated the escape of Raymond Hamilton , Henry Methvin and several others in the infamous " Eastham Breakout" of As Crowson struggled for life, prison chief Lee Simmons reportedly promised him that all persons involved in the breakout would be hunted down and killed.
Hamer , and persuaded him to hunt down the Barrow Gang. Though retired, Hamer had retained his commission, which had not yet expired. Tall, burly and taciturn, Hamer was described as unimpressed by authority and driven by an "inflexible adherence to right, or what he thinks is right. Three of Hamer's brothers were also Texas Rangers, and while brother Harrison was the best shot of the four, Frank was considered the most tenacious. Barrow joined in, firing at Patrolman Murphy.
It has long been assumed Parker was asleep in the back seat when Methvin started shooting and took no part in the assault. In the spring of , the Grapevine killings were recounted in exaggerated detail, affecting public perception: The eyewitness's ever-changing story was soon discredited, but the massive negative publicity, against Parker in particular, increased the public clamor for extermination of the survivors of the Barrow Gang.
The outcry also galvanized the authorities into action: Highway Patrol boss L. Public hostility increased five days later, when Barrow and Methvin killed year-old Constable William "Cal" Campbell, a widower single father, near Commerce, Oklahoma.
Boyd identified both Barrow and Parker to authorities but he never learned Methvin's name. Whatever chance she had for clemency had just been reduced. The Dallas Journal ran a cartoon on its editorial page showing the Texas electric chair, empty, but with a sign on it saying '"Reserved" and "Clyde and Bonnie".
Barrow and Parker were ambushed and killed on Wednesday, May 23, , on a rural road in Bienville Parish , Louisiana. The posse was led by Hamer, who had begun tracking the pair on February 12, He studied the gang's movements and found they swung in a circle skirting the edges of five midwestern states, exploiting the "state line" rule that prevented officers from one jurisdiction from pursuing a fugitive into another.
Barrow was a master of that pre-FBI rule but consistent in his movements, so the experienced Hamer charted his path and predicted where he would go. The gang's itinerary centered on family visits, and they were due to see Methvin's family in Louisiana. On May 21, , the four posse members from Texas were in Shreveport when they learned that Barrow and Parker were to go to Bienville Parish that evening with Methvin.
Barrow had designated the residence of Methvin's parents as a rendezvous in case they were separated, and Methvin did get separated from the pair in Shreveport. Hinton recounted that their group was in place by 9: The posse's official report had Barrow stopping to speak with Methvin's father, who had been planted there with his truck that morning to distract Barrow and force him into the lane closer to the posse.
The lawmen opened fire, killing Barrow and Parker while shooting a combined total of about rounds. Oakley fired first, probably before any order to do so. Each of us six officers had a shotgun and an automatic rifle and pistols. We opened fire with the automatic rifles. They were emptied before the car got even with us. Then we used shotguns There was smoke coming from the car, and it looked like it was on fire. After shooting the shotguns, we emptied the pistols at the car, which had passed us and ran into a ditch about 50 yards on down the road.
It almost turned over. We kept shooting at the car even after it stopped. We weren't taking any chances. Researchers have said Bonnie and Clyde were shot more than fifty times each;  others claim closer to twenty-five wounds per corpse, or fifty total.
Wade's report listed 17 separate entrance wounds on Barrow's body and 26 on Parker's,  including several headshots on each, and one that had snapped Barrow's spinal column. The temporarily deafened officers inspected the vehicle and discovered an arsenal of weapons, including stolen automatic rifles, sawed-off semi-automatic shotguns, assorted handguns, and several thousand rounds of ammunition, along with 15 sets of license plates from various states.
A crowd soon gathered at the ambush spot. Gault and Alcorn, left to guard the bodies, lost control of the jostling, curious throng; one woman cut off bloody locks of Parker's hair and pieces from her dress, which were subsequently sold as souvenirs. Hinton returned to find a man trying to cut off Barrow's trigger finger, and was sickened by what was occurring. One eager man had opened his pocket knife, and was reaching into the car to cut off Clyde's left ear.
The coroner enlisted Hamer for help in controlling the "circus-like atmosphere", and got people away from the car. Preliminary embalming was done by Bailey in a small preparation room in back of the furniture store it was common for furniture and undertakers to be together.
Beer, which normally sold for 15 cents a bottle, jumped to 25 cents; ham sandwiches quickly sold out. Darby, a young undertaker who worked for the McClure Funeral Parlor in nearby Ruston , and Sophia Stone, a home demonstration agent also from Ruston, came to Arcadia to identify the bodies. Parker reportedly had laughed when she asked Darby his profession and discovered he was an undertaker. She remarked that maybe someday he would be working on her.
Bonnie and Clyde wished to be buried side by side, but the Parker family would not allow it. Parker wanted to grant her daughter's final wish, to be brought home, but the mobs surrounding the Parker house made that impossible. Boulevard in Dallas , to conduct her funeral.
Allen Campbell, later recalled that flowers came from everywhere, including some with cards allegedly from Pretty Boy Floyd and John Dillinger. Thousands of people gathered outside both Dallas funeral homes hoping for a chance to view the bodies. Barrow's private funeral was held at sunset on Friday, May 25, in the funeral home chapel.
The Barrow brothers share a single granite marker with their names on it and a four-word epitaph previously selected by Clyde: The bullet-riddled Ford in which the pair was killed, and the shirt Barrow wore the last day of his life, have been in the casino of Whiskey Pete's in Primm, Nevada since , and were on display before that at the Primm Valley Resort and Casino.
Since then, the policy of payouts has changed to exclude payouts in cases of deaths caused by any criminal act by the insured. The six men of the posse were each to receive a one-sixth share of the reward money.
The ambush of Barrow and Parker proved to be the beginning of the end of the "public enemy era" of the s. By the summer of , new federal statutes made bank robbery and kidnapping federal offenses; and the growing coordination of local jurisdictions by the FBI, plus two-way radios in police cars, combined to make the outlaw bandit sprees much more difficult to carry out than just months before. Brockelhurst was sentenced to death, Felton was acquitted.
Following the ambush, numerous questions arose, based on the differing accounts: The three duos distrusted each other, kept to themselves, and did not much like each other. Historian Guinn puts it this way:. Such widely varied accounts can't be dismissed as different people honestly recalling the same events different ways.
Motive becomes an issue, and they all had reason to lie. Hamer was fanatical about protecting sources. Simmons was interested in resurrecting his own public image Jordan wanted to present himself as the critical dealmaker. Nobody can account for Ted Hinton's improbable reminiscences Because their self-serving accounts vary so widely, and because all six men are long deceased, the exact details of the ambush are unknown and unknowable.
When he called "Halt! Different sources have noted five occasions when Bonnie Parker may or may not have fired shots during crises faced by the gang.
Nevertheless she was still an accomplice to a hundred or more felony criminal acts during her two-year career in crime, including eight murders,  seven kidnappings,  half-a-dozen bank robberies,  scores of felony armed robberies, countless automobile thefts, one major jailbreak  and an episode of assault and battery,  at a time when being a "habitual criminal" was a capital offense in Texas. After Joplin, she became identified among the wanted; the Joplin Police Department issued a Wanted for Murder poster  in April that featured her name and photo first, before Barrow's.
Smith with Clyde and Blanche tending her. By November , W. Jones was in custody and supplying details of the gang's activities; a grand jury was empaneled in Dallas to hear material and decide on indictments. Williams of Criminal District Court No. After being linked to the Grapevine murders, she was marked by a bounty set by the head of the Highway Patrol, and the Governor.
In , Ted Hinton's as-told-to account of the ambush was published posthumously as Ambush. His version of the Methvin family's involvement in the planning and execution of the ambush was that the posse had tied Henry Methvin's father Ivy to a tree the previous night, to keep him from warning the outlaws off. Other accounts, however, place Methvin Senior at the center of the action, not tied up but on the road, waving for Clyde Barrow to stop   Hinton's memoir suggests that the stogie in the famous "cigar photo" of Bonnie had been a rose, and it was retouched as a cigar by darkroom staff at the Joplin Globe  while preparing the photo for publication.
The smoke from the fusillade had not cleared before the posse began sifting through the items in the Barrow death car. Hamer appropriated the "considerable" arsenal  of stolen guns and ammunition, plus a box of fishing tackle, under the terms of his compensation package with the Texas DOC.
Alcorn claimed Barrow's saxophone from the car, but feeling guilty, later returned it to the Barrow family. Warren in August It was still covered with blood and tissue.
In February , Dallas and federal authorities conducted a "harboring trial" in which 20 family members and friends of the outlaw couple were arrested and jailed for aiding and abetting Barrow and Parker. All twenty either pleaded or were found guilty. The two mothers were jailed for 30 days; other sentences ranged from two years' imprisonment for Raymond Hamilton's brother Floyd to one hour in custody for teenager Marie Barrow, Clyde's sister.
Jones, Henry Methvin, and Bonnie's sister Billie. Blanche Barrow 's injuries left her permanently blinded in her left eye. She returned to Dallas, leaving her life of crime in the past, and lived with her invalid father as his caregiver. She married Eddie Frasure in , worked as a taxi cab dispatcher and a beautician, and completed the terms of her parole one year later. She lived in peace with her husband until he died of cancer in Warren Beatty approached her to purchase the rights to her name for use in the film Bonnie and Clyde.
While she agreed to the original script, she objected to her characterization in the final film, describing Estelle Parsons 's Academy Award -winning portrayal of her as "a screaming horse's ass.
Barrow cohorts Raymond Hamilton and Joe Palmer, both Eastham escapees in January , both recaptured, and both subsequently convicted of murder, had one more thing in common: They were both executed in the electric chair, " Old Sparky ", at Huntsville, Texas, on the same day, May 10, Jones had split from his mentors six weeks after the three slipped the noose at Dexfield Park in July He was returned to Dallas, where he dictated a "confession" in which he claimed to have been kept a prisoner by Barrow and Parker.
Some of the more lurid embellishments he made concerned the gang's sex lives, and it was this testimony that gave rise to many of the stories about Barrow's ambiguous sexuality.
He struggled for years with substance-abuse problems, gave an interview to Playboy during the heyday of excitement surrounding the movie,  and was killed on August 4, in a misunderstanding by the jealous boyfriend of a woman he was trying to help. He was paroled in and killed by a train in ; it was said that he fell asleep, drunk, on the tracks, but there were rumors that he had been pushed by parties seeking revenge for his betrayal of Clyde Barrow.
Bonnie Parker's husband Roy Thornton was sentenced to five years in prison for burglary in March He was killed by guards on October 3, , during an escape attempt from Eastham Farm prison. In the years after the ambush, Prentiss Oakley, who all six possemen agree fired the first shots,   was reported to have been troubled by his actions.
He often admitted to his friends that he had fired prematurely  and he was the only posse member to express regret publicly. He would go on to succeed Henderson Jordan as sheriff of Bienville Parish in He made headlines again in when he and Governor Coke Stevenson unsuccessfully challenged Lyndon Johnson's vote total during the election for the U.
He died in at age 71 after several years of poor health. The bullet-riddled Ford which Bonnie and Clyde had driven when they were killed became a popular traveling attraction that was initially displayed at fairs, amusement parks and flea markets for three decades, and became a fixture at a Nevada race track, where there was a one dollar charge for sitting in it. The car eventually changed hands between casinos after settling in a Las Vegas car museum in the s, then moving between Iowa, Missouri and Nevada.
The car is currently on display at Whiskey Pete's in Primm, Nevada. They presented McLeod, of San Antonio , with a plaque and framed portrait of her brother.
Every year near the anniversary of the ambush, a "Bonnie and Clyde Festival" is hosted in the town of Gibsland, off Interstate 20 in Bienville Parish. It was stolen, as was its replacement. Through the decades, many cultural historians have analyzed Bonnie's and Clyde's enduring appeal to the public imagination.
Milner, an historian, writer, and expert on Bonnie and Clyde and their era, put the duo's enduring appeal to the public, both during the Depression and continuing on through the decades, into historical and cultural perspective. To those people who, as Milner says, "consider themselves outsiders, or oppose the existing system," Bonnie and Clyde represent the ultimate outsiders, revolting against an uncaring system. Breadlines and soup kitchens became jammed. In rural areas foreclosures forced more than 38 percent of farmers from their lands while simultaneously a catastrophic drought struck the Great Plains By the time Bonnie and Clyde became well known, many had felt that the capitalistic system had been abused by big business and government officials Now here were Bonnie and Clyde striking back.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bonnie and Clyde disambiguation. Parker with Ford V-8 B convertible coupe. Biography portal Louisiana portal Missouri portal Texas portal. University of Illinois , University of Oklahoma Press. The True Story of Bonnie and Clyde. First published in September as Fugitives. Parker was Bonnie's mother, Cowan was Clyde's sister, and Fortune was a Dallas writer and reporter who was chiefly responsible for the book.
Parker and Cowan repudiated the book immediately upon its publication, but more for personal and family reasons than for factual inaccuracies. Retrieved November 22, Retrieved May 24, Retrieved July 21, Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association.
Retrieved December 1, Federal Bureau of Investigation. On The Trail of Bonnie and Clyde: After The Battle Books. This book includes a comprehensive time line, and tells about half of its narrative through contemporary newspaper stories. Bucher picked out photos of Barrow and Hamilton, but their two colleagues, Ted Rogers and Johnny Russell, were the ones who had entered the store that night.
Barrow was in the driver's seat of the car, and Hamilton was not in Texas at the time but in Michigan Guinn, p. Bucher had seen Barrow with the pair of men that afternoon when they had been in the store. She likely mistook Rogers for Hamilton because of a strong resemblance between the two. So Barrow was accused of his first murder as a robber without being near it.